U.S., March 12, 2020 (420 Intel)- Although arthritis is thought to be a disease of 65-year-olds and older, you’ll be surprised to learn that it can affect people of any age, and sometimes even children. There are many medications and ointments that can help with the pain, but they don’t work for everyone, which is why an increasing number of patients want to try medical marijuana.
I wanted to find out more about the weed-arthritis connection, so I figured that the best way to start is to learn all I possibly can about arthritis before hitting Google Scholar and the like. Once I dug through the studies, I visited Reddit for user feedback and, finally, I read strain review websites to find out what people suffering from arthritis actually need in a strain.
Here’s what I’ve found.
A quick introduction to arthritis
Arthritis is inflammation of the joints which causes pain and several other symptoms, but it’s not just one single disease, as many people think. Although the term arthritis is used to refer to joint pain, the actual condition includes up to 200 different joint conditions and diseases, like rheumatoid arthritis (RA), fibromyalgia, gout, lupus, osteoarthritis (OA) and many more.
The statistics say that around 15% of Canadians and 23% of Americans suffer from some form of arthritis. And this number is on a steady rise. Arthritis is a common condition among the aging population (over the age of 65), but it also affects younger people—as much as 56% of arthritis patients in Canada are under 65.
The initial symptoms of arthritis are usually stiffness, especially in the morning, pain and swelling around the joints. Then the other symptoms become more evident: you get tired more quickly than you used to, restless sleep becomes typical, and over time it progressively becomes difficult to move joints and even to use your own hands. There are many different types of arthritis, and equally many causes: improperly healed injuries lead to degenerative arthritis, genetic factors are usually the main cause of osteoporosis, a dysfunctional immune system can lead to lupus or RA, abnormal functioning of metabolism causes gout.
Once again, there is no cure for arthritis. Depending on the type of the disease itself, there are a few more or less effective treatment options. Here are some medications that can be used to keep this condition in check:
- Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs)
- Counterirritants (creams with menthol and capsaicin)
How exactly can cannabis help with arthritis
Over the past few years, cannabis has become a popular supplement among people suffering from arthritis. In every country where the plant has been legalized for medical use, arthritis is on the list of medical conditions that allow for the use of cannabis.
Arthritis is caused by the inflammation of the joint tissue, and cannabis is known as a great anti-inflammatory agent. There are many cannabinoids in the plant, but THC and CBD are the ones “in charge” for fighting pain and inflammation.
When researchers first noticed that cannabis has some potential in treating chronic pain, they basically didn’t have a clue how that actually happens. They first discovered that the joints of people suffering from arthritis have extremely high levels of CB1 receptors. That led them to conclude that the substances in marijuana which trigger the activation of those receptors have the potential to reduce inflammation, as well to reduce pain.
The fact that THC was the one binding to those receptors and that it was so effective in reducing inflammation, triggered the further curiosity of scientists. So, in another study, a group of researchers discovered that THC was able to change molecules, leading to suppression of inflammation.
The second most prevalent cannabinoid in marijuana called cannabidiol (or just CBD), has shown to be effective in treating arthritis symptoms as well. According to a study done by the University of Kentucky, applying CBD topically can relieve inflammation as well as pain in conditions connected to arthritis. What is also important, besides the great therapeutic potential, is that CBD provides relief without any side-effects. Another study found that early CBD treatment can prevent pain and nerve damage in osteoarthritic joints.
What we can take away from these studies is that THC and CBD work in unison, but that high CBD marijuana strains may be the best choice, in this case, giving us the best of both worlds—pain relief with clear headedness and without strong psychoactive effects.
Best strains for arthritis
Before you start experimenting with different strains for arthritis, think about your lifestyle and what you would like to achieve. What time of the day do your symptoms occur? Would you rather treat inflammation or the pain? Do you have difficulties sleeping? The key here is to choose the right strain: some are energizing, some are sedative, some have a lot of THC, while some are high in CBD. To speed up your search, I made a list of different kinds of strains, for different occasions.
Please take these recommendations with a grain of salt, as the effects of cannabis are notoriously subjective.
Cannatonic: One of the most popular medical hybrid strains, Cannatonic is known for its high CBD levels and low THC content. It’s mainly used for treating all sorts of pain as well as muscle spasms, which makes it one of the favorites among arthritis patients. It’s great for relaxing during the day.
Anesthesia: The name says it all—it kills any type of pain in no time. Anesthesia is an indica strain recommended for nighttime use since it’s very sedating. It will give you a strong body-high and a cerebral buzz, so the best time to use it is only after you have finished with your day.
GSC: Also known as Girl Scout Cookies, GSC is a hybrid known for its high THC levels. It’s usually recommended for severe pain. Besides pain, GSC is good for beating stress and depression (a common condition for arthritis patients).
Harmonia: Although it’s an indica, Harmonia will not make you as sedated and locked to your couch as you would expect. And this is because this strain has slightly higher levels of CBD than THC, which diminishes its psychoactive effects. You’ll be clear-headed and ready for your daily challenges.
Harlequin: What’s so great about this strain is that it relaxes without sedation and intoxication. Harlequin is a sativa-dominant hybrid, with high CBD content. It’s a popular strain for fighting inflammation and pain, especially pain caused by arthritis.
Remedy: A high CBD indica, Remedy has been primarily used for treating nerve inflammation pain. We can freely say that there are almost no psychoactive effects with this strain. Arthritis patients looking for relief can use Remedy during the day without worrying about feeling “high’.
ACDC: One more sativa-dominant hybrid that doesn’t alter the mood and mind. ACDC is a popular daytime strain with plenty of medical properties and almost no psychoactivity at all. What is so special about this strain is that it flushes pain out almost immediately.
Pennywise: A fine choice for an afternoon use, since it provides a mild psychoactive effect. This strain not only blocks pain, but it also helps other conditions and symptoms that come with arthritis, like neurological disorders.
Death Star: A very powerful indica that will make you quite high. Death Star is a perfect late afternoon choice, with high THC levels to take care of pain and will help you fall asleep.
Power Plant: Being a pure sativa, Power Plant is a perfect way to start your day. This strain has bone-protecting properties and, combined with pain-relieving features, is one of the best strains for arthritis patients.